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ISSN : 1225-4517(Print)
ISSN : 2287-3503(Online)
Journal of Environmental Science International Vol.28 No.1 pp.125-135
DOI : https://doi.org/10.5322/JESI.2019.28.1.125

The Development of a Rainfall Correction Technique based on Machine Learning for Hydrological Applications

Young-Mi Lee,Chul-Min Ko*,Seong-Cheol Shin,Byung-Sik Kim1)
ECOBRAIN Co. Ltd., Jeju 63309, Korea
1)Department of Urban & Environmental Disaster Prevention Engineering, Kangwon National University, Samcheok 25913, Korea
*Corresponding author: Chul-min Ko, Manager, ECOBRAIN Co. Ltd., Jeju 63309, Korea Phone : +82-70-7018-0512

Abstract

For the purposes of enhancing usability of Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP), the quantitative precipitation prediction scheme by machine learning has been proposed. In this study, heavy rainfall was corrected for by utilizing rainfall predictors from LENS and Radar from 2017 to 2018, as well as machine learning tools LightGBM and XGBoost. The results were analyzed using Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Normalized Peak Error (NPE), and Peak Timing Error (PTE) for rainfall corrected through machine learning. Machine learning results (i.e. using LightGBM and XGBoost) showed improvements in the overall correction of rainfall and maximum rainfall compared to LENS. For example, the MAE of case 5 was found to be 24.252 using LENS, 11.564 using LightGBM, and 11.693 using XGBoost, showing excellent error improvement in machine learning results. This rainfall correction technique can provide hydrologically meaningful rainfall information such as predictions of flooding. Future research on the interpretation of various hydrologic processes using machine learning is necessary.

수문학적 활용을 위한 머신러닝 기반의 강우보정기술 개발

이영미,고철민*,신성철,김병식1)
㈜에코브레인, 1)강원대학교 도시·환경방재공학전공

초록

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